Prehypertension in Adults
Elevated Blood Pressure Levels
Who Should Get Screened?
- Lose excess weight.
- Increase physical activity to at least 30 minutes most days of the week. First, get your doctor’s approval to make sure you are healthy enough for regular exercise.
- Eat a healthy diet. Include food that is low in fat and cholesterol and rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Reduce your daily salt intake.
- Limit alcohol use. This means no more than two drinks a day for men or one for women.
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com
Categories for blood pressure levels in adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/detect/categ.htm. Accessed January 14, 2014.
Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure. JAMA. 2003;289:2560-2572.
Effect of high blood pressure on your body. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/hbp/effect/effect.htm. Accessed January 14, 2014.
Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 6, 2014. Accessed January 14, 2014.
James PA, Oparil S, et al. 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2013. [Epub ahead of print.]
Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP). World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk%5Ffactors/blood%5Fpressure%5Fmean%5Ftext/en/index.html. Accessed January 14, 2014.
Prospective Studies Collaboration. Age-specific relevance of usual blood pressure to vascular mortality: a meta-analysis of individual data for one million adults in 61 prospective studies. Lancet. 2002;360:1903-1913.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2014 -
- Update Date: 00/11/2014 -