Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Sex: female
- Family member with an anxiety disorder
- Increase in stress
- Exposure to physical or emotional trauma
- Unemployment, poverty
- Drug abuse
- Medical condition or disability
- Excessive ongoing worrying and tension
- Feeling tense or edgy
- Irritability, overly stressed
- Difficulty concentrating, mind going "blank"
- Muscle tension
- Difficulty sleeping
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
- Choking sensation
- Abdominal discomfort
|Symptoms of Anxiety|
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- Be present more days than not
- Be present for at least six months
- Interfere with your life (eg, causing you to miss work or school)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Benzodiazepines—to relax your body and keep it from tensing in response to anxious thoughts
- Note: These medicines need to be monitored closely because they may cause dependence.
- Buspirone (BuSpar)—an anti-anxiety medicine that does not cause dependence
- Antidepressant medicines (most commonly selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors [SSRIs])—to help control anxious thoughts
- Learn relaxation techniques (eg, deep breathing, meditation, yoga).
- Avoid tobacco, caffeine, and drugs. These can worsen anxiety.
- Exercise on a regular basis.
- Get an appropriate amount of sleep each night.
- Identify stressful situations. Avoid them when possible.
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
Anxiety Disorders Association of America http://www.adaa.org/
Mental Health America http://www.nmha.org/
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org/
Canadian Psychological Association http://www.cpa.ca/
Antidepressant use in children, adolescents, and adults. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/InformationbyDrugClass/UCM096273 . Published May 22, 2009. Accessed August 27, 2012.
Factsheet: generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.nmha.org/index.cfm?objectid=C7DF9194-1372-4D20-C83F9C0D95A6265C . Accessed August 27, 2012.
Generalized anxiety disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated May 23, 2012. Accessed August 27, 2012.
Generalized anxiety disorder. FamilyDoctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/generalized-anxiety-disorder/treatment.html . Updated November 2010. Accessed August 27, 2012.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad.shtml . Updated July 2009. Accessed August 27, 2012.
Gliatto MF. Generalized anxiety disorder. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/20001001/1591.html . Published October 2000. Accessed August 27, 2012.
9/12/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Li AW, Goldsmith CA. The effects of yoga on anxiety and stress. Altern Med Rev. 2012;17(1):21-35.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/92/2012 -