(Follicular Cyst; Functional Cyst; Mittelschmertz; Corpus Luteum Cyst)
|Close Up of Ovary and Fallopian Tube|
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- Follicular cyst—This occurs when a follicle does not mature properly. The egg is not released. The follicle and egg develop into a cyst. This type of cyst goes away on its own within 1-3 menstrual cycles.
- Corpus luteum cyst—This occurs after an egg is released from the follicle during ovulation. Fluid builds up in the follicle and creates a cyst. This type of cyst goes away on its own in a few weeks.
- Dermoid cyst—This cyst is made up of tissue from other parts of the body.
- Endometrioma—Endometrial tissue (lining of uterus) appears to be able to move away from the uterus to the ovary. Cysts may grow and become filled with fluid (often blood).
- Cystadenoma—This cyst grows from cells that line the outside of the ovary. Cystadenoma can become large and painful.
- Type and size of the cyst
- Type of treatment needed (if any)
- Does not go away after several menstrual cycles
- Gets larger and more painful
- Does not appear to be a simple functional cyst
- Grows larger or reaches a size greater than two inches
- Has some solid material in it or other features
- Causes persistent or worsening symptoms
- Lasts longer than two or three menstrual cycles
- Disrupts blood flow
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
Women's Health.gov—US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.womenshealth.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Follicular cyst (ovarian). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/. Updated April 23, 2014. Accessed October 29, 2014.
Ovarian cysts fact sheet. Womens Health.gov website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/ovarian-cysts.cfm. Updated July 16, 2012. Accessed October 29, 2014.
10/7/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ : Grimes DA, Jones LB, Lopez LM, Schulz KF. Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;9:CD006134.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 10/2014 -
- Update Date: 01/15/2014 -