(Whooping Cough )
|Upper Respiratory Tract|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Inhaling droplets from the sneeze or cough of a person infected with pertussis
- Having direct contact with the mucus of a person infected with pertussis
- Not being immunized
- Living in the same house or working in close contact with someone infected with pertussis
- Runny nose and congestion
- Mild fever
- Mild cough
- Watery, red eyes
- Severe coughing
- Long episodes of coughing that start suddenly and may end with a forceful inhale or whoop sound (the sound does not occur in all people)
- In severe cases, coughing may cause a person to have trouble breathing or turn blue from lack of oxygen
- Coughing episodes may result in vomiting
- Periods of no breathing
- Abdominal and inguinal hernias
- Rarely, damage to the brain
- Rarely, death
- Nasal culture
- Throat culture
- Blood tests
Treatment of Symptoms
- Get plenty of rest.
- Use a cool mist vaporizer to loosen mucus and soothe the respiratory tract.
- Avoid irritants that trigger coughing, such as smoke or aerosol sprays.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated January 31, 2014. Accessed January 22, 2015.
Pertussis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 8, 2015. Accessed January 22, 2015.
Pertussis. PEMSoft at EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Accessed January 22, 2015.
Pertussis (whooping cough). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis. Updated December 1, 2014. Accessed January 22, 2015.
Tdap vaccine. What you need to know Centers for Disease control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/tdap.pdf. Updated May 9, 2013. Accessed January 22, 2015.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -