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Treatments for Gout

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There is no cure for gout but most symptoms and attacks can be managed with a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. The earlier gout is detected and treated, the better it can be controlled.

The goals of treatment for gout include:

  • Managing symptoms of an acute attack
  • Decreasing the risk of recurrence by managing uric acid levels
  • Preventing complications, such as joint or kidney damage, which can occur with recurrent attacks

Treatment options can vary by individual. Working with a healthcare team is important to help find the treatments that works best for each person.

Treatment may include the following:

Lifestyle changesMedicationsAlternative and complementary therapiesOther treatments

Revision Information

  • ACR publishes guidelines for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment of gout. Am Fam Physician. 2013;88(6):408-412.

  • Gout. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at: http://www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases%5FAnd%5FConditions/Gout. Updated September 2012. Accessed December 5, 2014.

  • Gout. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.

  • Gout. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Gout/gout%5Fff.asp. Updated July 2010. Accessed December 5, 2014.

  • Gout—treatment of acute attack. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 13, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.

  • Gout—prevention of recurrent attacks. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 3, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2014.

  • Gout testing. American Association for Clinical Chemistry Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/gout/start/1. Updated June 25, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2014.

  • Pittman JR, Bross MH. Diagnosis and management of gout. Am Fam Physician. 1999;59(7):1799-1806.